Anxiety symptoms that something is wrong with genital area usually appear gradually. Ignoring them can lead to serious complications – infertility and impotence. This topic is psychologically complex and taboo, so men often turn to specialists at last moment.
What symptoms to pay attention to?
Most common problems with health are various urinary disorders (difficulty, frequent urination, itching in process), decreased libido and erectile dysfunction.
In addition, you should consult doctor, if there are painful sensations about intercourse, discharge from urethra appears, amount and type of sperm or urine has changed, and premature ejaculation is observed.
We recommend men being screened at urologist at least once a year, even if there are no complaints. This will allow time to identify diseases of urogenital area at earliest stages.
How is male infertility diagnosed?
Infertility diagnosis is pre-set if couple can`t conceive child for year. Man in such cases must be examined simultaneously with woman.
Spermogram allows you to assess fertility of men in first stage of survey. If spermogram shows negative changes, further examination is necessary: ultrasound of scrotum, blood test for sex hormones and biomarkers. It isn`t recommended to take this analysis by yourself – before procedure, you need to fulfill number of conditions that are voiced by attending physician. But, sometimes already at initial admission revealed pathology, in which there is no point in taking spermogram.
What are causes of male infertility?
All causes of infertility can be divided into two categories: exogenous, associated with external influencing factors, and endogenous: these include congenital changes and acquired ones. For example, there is congenital varicocele disease. With it, temperature in testicles increases due to veins expansion, which provokes spermatozoa death. According to statistics, 40% of men who come to clinic because of infertility are diagnosed with varicocele. Disease can only be treated surgically.
Other causes of infertility can be untreated STD and prostatitis. Depending on reasons, process may be reversible or not. In general, infertility treatment gives positive results.
What is prostatitis and how is it dangerous?
Prostatitis is inflammatory prostate gland disease. Most often, men who are over 40 years old are confronted with it, but now disease occurs at earlier age. Prostatitis is chronic or manifests itself in acute form.
Standard symptoms are urination disorders, pain and discomfort in perineum. In acute prostatitis, symptoms are more pronounced, in some cases, body temperature rises.
There is no direct connection between prostatitis and decrease in sexual activity – with inflammation of prostate, potency isn`t necessarily reduced. Nevertheless, prostate gland and penis are located nearby. Gland edema can provoke congestion, due to which blood supply to pelvic organs and penis is also disrupted. And, already these factors affect potency, but this isn`t case in every case.
Why not self-treat permitted for prostatitis?
If you suspect prostatitis diagnostics, you should deal with doctor. Self-diagnosis and self-treatment can lead to loss of time, which is dangerous, for example, in disease such as prostate cancer.
Chromic prostatitis treatment with antibiotics, which are often used without doctor’s prescription, isn`t always effective – active substances penetrate prostate tissue poorly. Another dangerous complication that can be triggered when attempting self-treatment is prostate abscess.
Chronic prostatitis treatment is medication and physiotherapy. Which drugs and physiotherapy will be used depends on each individual case.
How to understand that you are at risk?
Frequent change of unprotected sexual partners can lead to infections of urogenital system, provoking prostatitis. Other risk factors are sedentary lifestyle, sedentary profession, and bad habits.
Erection problems also occur due to frequent stressful situations, disturbances in central nervous system, hypertension, atherosclerotic vascular changes, or diseases of endocrine system.